NANOCOLOR tube testsTube test NANOCOLOR COD 10000


Tube test for the determination of COD. Precise rapid tests for all kind of water and waste water samples. Time-saving and reliable analysis together with our NANOCOLOR photometers.

REF 985023
Package unit 20 Test(s)


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Platform NANOCOLOR tube tests
Parameter COD
Measuring range COD – 1.00–10.00 g/L O₂, COD – 1000–10000 mg/L O₂
Test No. 0-23
Based on norm Analogous to DIN ISO 15705 – H45, EPA 410.4, APHA 5220 D, DIN 38409–H41-1
Method COD – Potassium dichromate
NanOx N No
NanOx Metal No
Sludge reagent set No
Evaluable on photometer 500 D, Advance, PF-3 COD, PF-12Plus, UV/VIS II, VIS II
Sea water analysis No
Crack-Set No
Remark Measuring range on NANOCOLOR VIS II
Shelf life (from production) 1 Year
Storage temperature 15−25 °C
Scope of delivery Rugged box with 20 test tubes. Sufficient for 20 tests.
Hazardous material Yes
COD - Chemical oxygen demand
COD – Chemical oxygen demand

The chemical oxygen demand (COD) is one of the most important parameters for the assessment of industrial and municipal wastewater. As a cumulative parameter, COD determines all chemically oxidizable components present in water. Hence, this includes not only biodegradable substances (as in the BOD5), but also chemical compounds that cannot be determined by biological oxidation (e.g. nitrogen compounds such as nitrites). It has also the advantage of a faster availability compared to BOD. The COD indicates the contamination of a water sample. It is therefore also used as an evaluation parameter to determine pollution units in discharges under the German Wastewater Charges Act. By definition (ISO 15705), the COD is the concentration of oxygen that is equivalent to the mass of potassium dichromate that is consumed in total oxidation of organic substances present in the water sample. Mercury sulfate and silver sulfate as well as sulfuric acid are listed as auxiliary reagents.

How to perform the NANOCOLOR COD tube test
COD is an effect parameter

COD is not a quantity-based size but an effect parameter (a requirement), as is illustrated in the following example:

K2Cr2O7 + 8 H+ → 3 <O> + 2 Cr3+ + 2 K+ + 4 H2O

In acid medium, potassium dichromate forms reactive oxygen species, by the reaction with hydrogen ions.

CH3OH + 3 <O> → CO2 + 2 H2O

These oxygen compounds are able to oxidize organic compounds such as ethanol or methanol to carbon dioxide.

CH4 + 4 <O> → CO2 + 2 H2O

The consumption of oxidizing agent is independent of the size of the molecule. For example, the oxidation of methanol consumes less oxidant than that of the smaller methane, since less oxygen is consumed in the reaction to carbon dioxide and water. This results in a larger theoretical COD for methane than for methanol. The COD content can be determined from the consumption of potassium dichromate. The evaluation is done photometrically or by titration. Depending on the measurement range, the decrease in concentration of the yellow potassium dichromate or the increase in concentration of the green chromium(III) ion is determined. For all tests with a low measurement range, up to the test NANOCOLOR COD 300 (REF 985033), the former applies. From the test NANOCOLOR COD 600 (REF 985030) on, the increase of the green chromium(III) is determined. An important process in COD determination is decomposition. In analogy to DIN 38409- H41, decomposition is carried out for two hours at 148 °C. A faster decomposition at 160 °C for 30 minutes is also possible. However, this rapid decomposition is not suitable for all tests. Please refer to the instruction leaflet of the respective test. COD decomposition in a microwave oven, in analogy to decompositions with NANOCOLOR NanOx N and NANOCOLOR NanOx Metal, is not permitted for safety reasons.


Fig. 1: Concentration series of our COD NANOCOLOR tube test with increasing COD concentration.

Reaction basis

The chemical oxygen demand of a water is determined by silver-catalyzed oxidation (increase in the oxidizability of aliphatic substances) with potassium dichromate / sulfuric acid for 2 hours at 148 °C. The COD covers all oxidizable contents of the sample. In COD testing with a low measurement range, the decrease of the potassium dichromate concentration is determined; in COD tests with a higher measurement range, by contrast, the increase in Cr(III) ion concentration is determined. Possibly present chloride is precipitated by mercury sulfate. Thus it is removed from the unwanted oxidation to elemental chlorine. Silver sulfate serves as a catalyst to increase the oxidizability of aliphatic substances. Thus lower apparent findings are avoided. The underlying reaction is analogous to APHA 5220-D, EPA 410.4 and DIN 38409-H41. Furthermore, seven NANOCOLOR COD tests meet the requirements of the DIN ISO 15705:2002 standard. The main reaction is described in the following equation with potassium hydrogen phthalate (KHP), which serves as a reference substance:

2 KC8H5O4 + 10 K2Cr2O7 + 41 H2SO4 → 16 CO2 + 46 H2O + 10 Cr2(SO4)3 + 11 K2SO4

Since each molecule of potassium dichromate K2Cr2O7 has the same oxidizing power as 1.5 O2 molecules, the equivalent reaction is:

2 KC8H5O4 + 15 O2 + H2SO4 → 16 CO2 + 6 H2O + K2SO4

As described above, two molecules of KHP consume 15 oxygen molecules. Therefore, the theoretical COD for one milligram KHP is 1.175 milligrams of oxygen O2.

Advantages of the NANOCOLOR analysis system compared to DIN 38 409 H41

– Reduced amounts of toxic mercury
– Generally lower quantities of toxic and hazardous reagents
– All reagents are pre-filled in the test tubes
– Significantly reduced risk of accidents for the user
– Reproducible results thanks to photometric evaluation


Fig. 2: Depicted procedure of the COD determination and tube-handling with our easy-to-use and safe NANOCOLOR tube tests.

Tips & tricks

Sample preservation

The sample should be thoroughly mixed or homogenized in a blender to be as representative as possible for the COD of the water to be examined.
COD determinations should be performed as soon as possible after sampling. If this is not possible, the pH should be reduced to 2 or less by the addition of 2 mL of concentrated sulfuric acid H2SO4 per 1 L of sample.
Storage of the acidified sample at room temperature: Analysis within 7 days.
Storage of the acidified sample at 4 °C: Analysis within 28 days.


Rapid decomposition is not possible for all COD tests. Depending on the composition of the test, the water content can be higher. This results in a higher vapor pressure during the decomposition and increases the risk for bursting of the test tube. For more information about decomposition, please see the respective instruction leaflet.

Background information 

PHP (potassium hydrogen phthalate) is used as a reference substance.

NANOCOLOR COD tube tests have advantages over the German norm DIN 38409-H41 in terms of use of toxic chemical compounds and user-friendly handling. Furthermore, seven NANOCOLOR COD tests meet the requirements of the DIN ISO 15705:2002 standard.


For cumulative parameters, the sample must not be filtered prior to decomposition! By filtration, compounds which are poorly soluble are removed. Those compounds would thereby escape the detection which would lead to wrong results.

For a determination of dissolved COD, filtration of turbid samples using the membrane filtration kit 0.45 µm (REF 91650 / 91652) or glass fiber paper MN 85/90 BF is recommended. These filters are tested and validated specifically for this purpose.

Sea water suitability

Sea water analysis is generally not possible because of chloride interferences.